From: "From: Scott Wood" <swood@redhat.com>
Date: Thu, 19 Aug 2021 21:24:24 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] rcutorture: Avoid problematic critical section nesting on
 PREEMPT_RT

rcutorture is generating some nesting scenarios that are not compatible on PREEMPT_RT.
For example:
	preempt_disable();
	rcu_read_lock_bh();
	preempt_enable();
	rcu_read_unlock_bh();

The problem here is that on PREEMPT_RT the bottom halves have to be
disabled and enabled in preemptible context.

Reorder locking: start with BH locking and continue with then with
disabling preemption or interrupts. In the unlocking do it reverse by
first enabling interrupts and preemption and BH at the very end.
Ensure that on PREEMPT_RT BH locking remains unchanged if in
non-preemptible context.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190911165729.11178-6-swood@redhat.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210819182035.GF4126399@paulmck-ThinkPad-P17-Gen-1
Signed-off-by: Scott Wood <swood@redhat.com>
[bigeasy: Drop ATOM_BH, make it only about changing BH in atomic
context. Allow enabling RCU in IRQ-off section. Reword commit message.]
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210820074236.2zli4nje7bof62rh@linutronix.de
---
 kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c |   48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 36 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c
@@ -1432,28 +1432,34 @@ static void rcutorture_one_extend(int *r
 	/* First, put new protection in place to avoid critical-section gap. */
 	if (statesnew & RCUTORTURE_RDR_BH)
 		local_bh_disable();
+	if (statesnew & RCUTORTURE_RDR_RBH)
+		rcu_read_lock_bh();
 	if (statesnew & RCUTORTURE_RDR_IRQ)
 		local_irq_disable();
 	if (statesnew & RCUTORTURE_RDR_PREEMPT)
 		preempt_disable();
-	if (statesnew & RCUTORTURE_RDR_RBH)
-		rcu_read_lock_bh();
 	if (statesnew & RCUTORTURE_RDR_SCHED)
 		rcu_read_lock_sched();
 	if (statesnew & RCUTORTURE_RDR_RCU)
 		idxnew = cur_ops->readlock() << RCUTORTURE_RDR_SHIFT;
 
-	/* Next, remove old protection, irq first due to bh conflict. */
+	/*
+	 * Next, remove old protection, in decreasing order of strength
+	 * to avoid unlock paths that aren't safe in the stronger
+	 * context. Namely: BH can not be enabled with disabled interrupts.
+	 * Additionally PREEMPT_RT requires that BH is enabled in preemptible
+	 * context.
+	 */
 	if (statesold & RCUTORTURE_RDR_IRQ)
 		local_irq_enable();
-	if (statesold & RCUTORTURE_RDR_BH)
-		local_bh_enable();
 	if (statesold & RCUTORTURE_RDR_PREEMPT)
 		preempt_enable();
-	if (statesold & RCUTORTURE_RDR_RBH)
-		rcu_read_unlock_bh();
 	if (statesold & RCUTORTURE_RDR_SCHED)
 		rcu_read_unlock_sched();
+	if (statesold & RCUTORTURE_RDR_BH)
+		local_bh_enable();
+	if (statesold & RCUTORTURE_RDR_RBH)
+		rcu_read_unlock_bh();
 	if (statesold & RCUTORTURE_RDR_RCU) {
 		bool lockit = !statesnew && !(torture_random(trsp) & 0xffff);
 
@@ -1496,6 +1502,9 @@ rcutorture_extend_mask(int oldmask, stru
 	int mask = rcutorture_extend_mask_max();
 	unsigned long randmask1 = torture_random(trsp) >> 8;
 	unsigned long randmask2 = randmask1 >> 3;
+	unsigned long preempts = RCUTORTURE_RDR_PREEMPT | RCUTORTURE_RDR_SCHED;
+	unsigned long preempts_irq = preempts | RCUTORTURE_RDR_IRQ;
+	unsigned long bhs = RCUTORTURE_RDR_BH | RCUTORTURE_RDR_RBH;
 
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(mask >> RCUTORTURE_RDR_SHIFT);
 	/* Mostly only one bit (need preemption!), sometimes lots of bits. */
@@ -1503,11 +1512,26 @@ rcutorture_extend_mask(int oldmask, stru
 		mask = mask & randmask2;
 	else
 		mask = mask & (1 << (randmask2 % RCUTORTURE_RDR_NBITS));
-	/* Can't enable bh w/irq disabled. */
-	if ((mask & RCUTORTURE_RDR_IRQ) &&
-	    ((!(mask & RCUTORTURE_RDR_BH) && (oldmask & RCUTORTURE_RDR_BH)) ||
-	     (!(mask & RCUTORTURE_RDR_RBH) && (oldmask & RCUTORTURE_RDR_RBH))))
-		mask |= RCUTORTURE_RDR_BH | RCUTORTURE_RDR_RBH;
+
+	/*
+	 * Can't enable bh w/irq disabled.
+	 */
+	if (mask & RCUTORTURE_RDR_IRQ)
+		mask |= oldmask & bhs;
+
+	/*
+	 * Ideally these sequences would be detected in debug builds
+	 * (regardless of RT), but until then don't stop testing
+	 * them on non-RT.
+	 */
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) {
+		/* Can't modify BH in atomic context */
+		if (oldmask & preempts_irq)
+			mask &= ~bhs;
+		if ((oldmask | mask) & preempts_irq)
+			mask |= oldmask & bhs;
+	}
+
 	return mask ?: RCUTORTURE_RDR_RCU;
 }