From 5a3e9d986838717205795d3c60edb8cda41bff0f Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: John Ogness <john.ogness@linutronix.de>
Date: Mon, 30 Nov 2020 01:42:02 +0106
Subject: [PATCH 007/158] serial: 8250: implement write_atomic

Implement a non-sleeping NMI-safe write_atomic() console function in
order to support emergency console printing.

Since interrupts need to be disabled during transmit, all usage of
the IER register is wrapped with access functions that use the
console_atomic_lock() function to synchronize register access while
tracking the state of the interrupts. This is necessary because
write_atomic() can be called from an NMI context that has preempted
write_atomic().

Signed-off-by: John Ogness <john.ogness@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
 drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250.h         |   47 ++++++++++++++++
 drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_core.c    |   17 ++++--
 drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_fsl.c     |    9 +++
 drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_ingenic.c |    7 ++
 drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_mtk.c     |   29 +++++++++-
 drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c    |   92 ++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 include/linux/serial_8250.h            |    5 +
 7 files changed, 162 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)

Index: linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250.h
===================================================================
--- linux-5.15.orig/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250.h
+++ linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250.h
@@ -132,12 +132,55 @@ static inline void serial_dl_write(struc
 	up->dl_write(up, value);
 }
 
+static inline void serial8250_set_IER(struct uart_8250_port *up,
+				      unsigned char ier)
+{
+	struct uart_port *port = &up->port;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	bool is_console;
+
+	is_console = uart_console(port);
+
+	if (is_console)
+		console_atomic_lock(flags);
+
+	serial_out(up, UART_IER, ier);
+
+	if (is_console)
+		console_atomic_unlock(flags);
+}
+
+static inline unsigned char serial8250_clear_IER(struct uart_8250_port *up)
+{
+	struct uart_port *port = &up->port;
+	unsigned int clearval = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	unsigned int prior;
+	bool is_console;
+
+	is_console = uart_console(port);
+
+	if (up->capabilities & UART_CAP_UUE)
+		clearval = UART_IER_UUE;
+
+	if (is_console)
+		console_atomic_lock(flags);
+
+	prior = serial_port_in(port, UART_IER);
+	serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, clearval);
+
+	if (is_console)
+		console_atomic_unlock(flags);
+
+	return prior;
+}
+
 static inline bool serial8250_set_THRI(struct uart_8250_port *up)
 {
 	if (up->ier & UART_IER_THRI)
 		return false;
 	up->ier |= UART_IER_THRI;
-	serial_out(up, UART_IER, up->ier);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, up->ier);
 	return true;
 }
 
@@ -146,7 +189,7 @@ static inline bool serial8250_clear_THRI
 	if (!(up->ier & UART_IER_THRI))
 		return false;
 	up->ier &= ~UART_IER_THRI;
-	serial_out(up, UART_IER, up->ier);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, up->ier);
 	return true;
 }
 
Index: linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_core.c
===================================================================
--- linux-5.15.orig/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_core.c
+++ linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_core.c
@@ -264,10 +264,8 @@ static void serial8250_backup_timeout(st
 	 * Must disable interrupts or else we risk racing with the interrupt
 	 * based handler.
 	 */
-	if (up->port.irq) {
-		ier = serial_in(up, UART_IER);
-		serial_out(up, UART_IER, 0);
-	}
+	if (up->port.irq)
+		ier = serial8250_clear_IER(up);
 
 	iir = serial_in(up, UART_IIR);
 
@@ -290,7 +288,7 @@ static void serial8250_backup_timeout(st
 		serial8250_tx_chars(up);
 
 	if (up->port.irq)
-		serial_out(up, UART_IER, ier);
+		serial8250_set_IER(up, ier);
 
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&up->port.lock, flags);
 
@@ -568,6 +566,14 @@ serial8250_register_ports(struct uart_dr
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_CONSOLE
 
+static void univ8250_console_write_atomic(struct console *co, const char *s,
+					  unsigned int count)
+{
+	struct uart_8250_port *up = &serial8250_ports[co->index];
+
+	serial8250_console_write_atomic(up, s, count);
+}
+
 static void univ8250_console_write(struct console *co, const char *s,
 				   unsigned int count)
 {
@@ -661,6 +667,7 @@ static int univ8250_console_match(struct
 
 static struct console univ8250_console = {
 	.name		= "ttyS",
+	.write_atomic	= univ8250_console_write_atomic,
 	.write		= univ8250_console_write,
 	.device		= uart_console_device,
 	.setup		= univ8250_console_setup,
Index: linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_fsl.c
===================================================================
--- linux-5.15.orig/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_fsl.c
+++ linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_fsl.c
@@ -60,9 +60,18 @@ int fsl8250_handle_irq(struct uart_port
 
 	/* Stop processing interrupts on input overrun */
 	if ((orig_lsr & UART_LSR_OE) && (up->overrun_backoff_time_ms > 0)) {
+		unsigned long flags;
 		unsigned long delay;
+		bool is_console;
 
+		is_console = uart_console(port);
+
+		if (is_console)
+			console_atomic_lock(flags);
 		up->ier = port->serial_in(port, UART_IER);
+		if (is_console)
+			console_atomic_unlock(flags);
+
 		if (up->ier & (UART_IER_RLSI | UART_IER_RDI)) {
 			port->ops->stop_rx(port);
 		} else {
Index: linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_ingenic.c
===================================================================
--- linux-5.15.orig/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_ingenic.c
+++ linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_ingenic.c
@@ -146,6 +146,8 @@ OF_EARLYCON_DECLARE(x1000_uart, "ingenic
 
 static void ingenic_uart_serial_out(struct uart_port *p, int offset, int value)
 {
+	unsigned long flags;
+	bool is_console;
 	int ier;
 
 	switch (offset) {
@@ -167,7 +169,12 @@ static void ingenic_uart_serial_out(stru
 		 * If we have enabled modem status IRQs we should enable
 		 * modem mode.
 		 */
+		is_console = uart_console(p);
+		if (is_console)
+			console_atomic_lock(flags);
 		ier = p->serial_in(p, UART_IER);
+		if (is_console)
+			console_atomic_unlock(flags);
 
 		if (ier & UART_IER_MSI)
 			value |= UART_MCR_MDCE | UART_MCR_FCM;
Index: linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_mtk.c
===================================================================
--- linux-5.15.orig/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_mtk.c
+++ linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_mtk.c
@@ -218,12 +218,37 @@ static void mtk8250_shutdown(struct uart
 
 static void mtk8250_disable_intrs(struct uart_8250_port *up, int mask)
 {
-	serial_out(up, UART_IER, serial_in(up, UART_IER) & (~mask));
+	struct uart_port *port = &up->port;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	unsigned int ier;
+	bool is_console;
+
+	is_console = uart_console(port);
+
+	if (is_console)
+		console_atomic_lock(flags);
+
+	ier = serial_in(up, UART_IER);
+	serial_out(up, UART_IER, ier & (~mask));
+
+	if (is_console)
+		console_atomic_unlock(flags);
 }
 
 static void mtk8250_enable_intrs(struct uart_8250_port *up, int mask)
 {
-	serial_out(up, UART_IER, serial_in(up, UART_IER) | mask);
+	struct uart_port *port = &up->port;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	unsigned int ier;
+
+	if (uart_console(port))
+		console_atomic_lock(flags);
+
+	ier = serial_in(up, UART_IER);
+	serial_out(up, UART_IER, ier | mask);
+
+	if (uart_console(port))
+		console_atomic_unlock(flags);
 }
 
 static void mtk8250_set_flow_ctrl(struct uart_8250_port *up, int mode)
Index: linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
===================================================================
--- linux-5.15.orig/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
+++ linux-5.15/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
@@ -762,7 +762,7 @@ static void serial8250_set_sleep(struct
 			serial_out(p, UART_EFR, UART_EFR_ECB);
 			serial_out(p, UART_LCR, 0);
 		}
-		serial_out(p, UART_IER, sleep ? UART_IERX_SLEEP : 0);
+		serial8250_set_IER(p, sleep ? UART_IERX_SLEEP : 0);
 		if (p->capabilities & UART_CAP_EFR) {
 			serial_out(p, UART_LCR, UART_LCR_CONF_MODE_B);
 			serial_out(p, UART_EFR, efr);
@@ -1436,7 +1436,7 @@ static void serial8250_stop_rx(struct ua
 
 	up->ier &= ~(UART_IER_RLSI | UART_IER_RDI);
 	up->port.read_status_mask &= ~UART_LSR_DR;
-	serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, up->ier);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, up->ier);
 
 	serial8250_rpm_put(up);
 }
@@ -1466,7 +1466,7 @@ void serial8250_em485_stop_tx(struct uar
 		serial8250_clear_and_reinit_fifos(p);
 
 		p->ier |= UART_IER_RLSI | UART_IER_RDI;
-		serial_port_out(&p->port, UART_IER, p->ier);
+		serial8250_set_IER(p, p->ier);
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(serial8250_em485_stop_tx);
@@ -1688,7 +1688,7 @@ static void serial8250_disable_ms(struct
 	mctrl_gpio_disable_ms(up->gpios);
 
 	up->ier &= ~UART_IER_MSI;
-	serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, up->ier);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, up->ier);
 }
 
 static void serial8250_enable_ms(struct uart_port *port)
@@ -1704,7 +1704,7 @@ static void serial8250_enable_ms(struct
 	up->ier |= UART_IER_MSI;
 
 	serial8250_rpm_get(up);
-	serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, up->ier);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, up->ier);
 	serial8250_rpm_put(up);
 }
 
@@ -2125,14 +2125,7 @@ static void serial8250_put_poll_char(str
 	struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(port);
 
 	serial8250_rpm_get(up);
-	/*
-	 *	First save the IER then disable the interrupts
-	 */
-	ier = serial_port_in(port, UART_IER);
-	if (up->capabilities & UART_CAP_UUE)
-		serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, UART_IER_UUE);
-	else
-		serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, 0);
+	ier = serial8250_clear_IER(up);
 
 	wait_for_xmitr(up, BOTH_EMPTY);
 	/*
@@ -2145,7 +2138,7 @@ static void serial8250_put_poll_char(str
 	 *	and restore the IER
 	 */
 	wait_for_xmitr(up, BOTH_EMPTY);
-	serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, ier);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, ier);
 	serial8250_rpm_put(up);
 }
 
@@ -2448,7 +2441,7 @@ void serial8250_do_shutdown(struct uart_
 	 */
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
 	up->ier = 0;
-	serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, 0);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, 0);
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
 
 	synchronize_irq(port->irq);
@@ -2830,7 +2823,7 @@ serial8250_do_set_termios(struct uart_po
 	if (up->capabilities & UART_CAP_RTOIE)
 		up->ier |= UART_IER_RTOIE;
 
-	serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, up->ier);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, up->ier);
 
 	if (up->capabilities & UART_CAP_EFR) {
 		unsigned char efr = 0;
@@ -3296,7 +3289,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(serial8250_set_default
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_8250_CONSOLE
 
-static void serial8250_console_putchar(struct uart_port *port, int ch)
+static void serial8250_console_putchar_locked(struct uart_port *port, int ch)
 {
 	struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(port);
 
@@ -3304,6 +3297,18 @@ static void serial8250_console_putchar(s
 	serial_port_out(port, UART_TX, ch);
 }
 
+static void serial8250_console_putchar(struct uart_port *port, int ch)
+{
+	struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(port);
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	wait_for_xmitr(up, UART_LSR_THRE);
+
+	console_atomic_lock(flags);
+	serial8250_console_putchar_locked(port, ch);
+	console_atomic_unlock(flags);
+}
+
 /*
  *	Restore serial console when h/w power-off detected
  */
@@ -3325,6 +3330,32 @@ static void serial8250_console_restore(s
 	serial8250_out_MCR(up, UART_MCR_DTR | UART_MCR_RTS);
 }
 
+void serial8250_console_write_atomic(struct uart_8250_port *up,
+				     const char *s, unsigned int count)
+{
+	struct uart_port *port = &up->port;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	unsigned int ier;
+
+	console_atomic_lock(flags);
+
+	touch_nmi_watchdog();
+
+	ier = serial8250_clear_IER(up);
+
+	if (atomic_fetch_inc(&up->console_printing)) {
+		uart_console_write(port, "\n", 1,
+				   serial8250_console_putchar_locked);
+	}
+	uart_console_write(port, s, count, serial8250_console_putchar_locked);
+	atomic_dec(&up->console_printing);
+
+	wait_for_xmitr(up, BOTH_EMPTY);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, ier);
+
+	console_atomic_unlock(flags);
+}
+
 /*
  *	Print a string to the serial port trying not to disturb
  *	any possible real use of the port...
@@ -3341,24 +3372,12 @@ void serial8250_console_write(struct uar
 	struct uart_port *port = &up->port;
 	unsigned long flags;
 	unsigned int ier;
-	int locked = 1;
 
 	touch_nmi_watchdog();
 
-	if (oops_in_progress)
-		locked = spin_trylock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
-	else
-		spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
-
-	/*
-	 *	First save the IER then disable the interrupts
-	 */
-	ier = serial_port_in(port, UART_IER);
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
 
-	if (up->capabilities & UART_CAP_UUE)
-		serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, UART_IER_UUE);
-	else
-		serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, 0);
+	ier = serial8250_clear_IER(up);
 
 	/* check scratch reg to see if port powered off during system sleep */
 	if (up->canary && (up->canary != serial_port_in(port, UART_SCR))) {
@@ -3372,7 +3391,9 @@ void serial8250_console_write(struct uar
 		mdelay(port->rs485.delay_rts_before_send);
 	}
 
+	atomic_inc(&up->console_printing);
 	uart_console_write(port, s, count, serial8250_console_putchar);
+	atomic_dec(&up->console_printing);
 
 	/*
 	 *	Finally, wait for transmitter to become empty
@@ -3385,8 +3406,7 @@ void serial8250_console_write(struct uar
 		if (em485->tx_stopped)
 			up->rs485_stop_tx(up);
 	}
-
-	serial_port_out(port, UART_IER, ier);
+	serial8250_set_IER(up, ier);
 
 	/*
 	 *	The receive handling will happen properly because the
@@ -3398,8 +3418,7 @@ void serial8250_console_write(struct uar
 	if (up->msr_saved_flags)
 		serial8250_modem_status(up);
 
-	if (locked)
-		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
 }
 
 static unsigned int probe_baud(struct uart_port *port)
@@ -3419,6 +3438,7 @@ static unsigned int probe_baud(struct ua
 
 int serial8250_console_setup(struct uart_port *port, char *options, bool probe)
 {
+	struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(port);
 	int baud = 9600;
 	int bits = 8;
 	int parity = 'n';
@@ -3428,6 +3448,8 @@ int serial8250_console_setup(struct uart
 	if (!port->iobase && !port->membase)
 		return -ENODEV;
 
+	atomic_set(&up->console_printing, 0);
+
 	if (options)
 		uart_parse_options(options, &baud, &parity, &bits, &flow);
 	else if (probe)
Index: linux-5.15/include/linux/serial_8250.h
===================================================================
--- linux-5.15.orig/include/linux/serial_8250.h
+++ linux-5.15/include/linux/serial_8250.h
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
 #ifndef _LINUX_SERIAL_8250_H
 #define _LINUX_SERIAL_8250_H
 
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
 #include <linux/serial_core.h>
 #include <linux/serial_reg.h>
 #include <linux/platform_device.h>
@@ -125,6 +126,8 @@ struct uart_8250_port {
 #define MSR_SAVE_FLAGS UART_MSR_ANY_DELTA
 	unsigned char		msr_saved_flags;
 
+	atomic_t		console_printing;
+
 	struct uart_8250_dma	*dma;
 	const struct uart_8250_ops *ops;
 
@@ -180,6 +183,8 @@ void serial8250_init_port(struct uart_82
 void serial8250_set_defaults(struct uart_8250_port *up);
 void serial8250_console_write(struct uart_8250_port *up, const char *s,
 			      unsigned int count);
+void serial8250_console_write_atomic(struct uart_8250_port *up, const char *s,
+				     unsigned int count);
 int serial8250_console_setup(struct uart_port *port, char *options, bool probe);
 int serial8250_console_exit(struct uart_port *port);