From: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Date: Thu, 5 May 2022 13:26:43 -0500
Subject: [PATCH 10/12] ptrace: Don't change __state

Stop playing with tsk->__state to remove TASK_WAKEKILL while a ptrace
command is executing.

Instead remove TASK_WAKEKILL from the definition of TASK_TRACED, and
implement a new jobctl flag TASK_PTRACE_FROZEN.  This new flag is set
in jobctl_freeze_task and cleared when ptrace_stop is awoken or in
jobctl_unfreeze_task (when ptrace_stop remains asleep).

In signal_wake_up add __TASK_TRACED to state along with TASK_WAKEKILL
when the wake up is for a fatal signal.  Skip adding __TASK_TRACED
when TASK_PTRACE_FROZEN is not set.  This has the same effect as
changing TASK_TRACED to __TASK_TRACED as all of the wake_ups that use
TASK_KILLABLE go through signal_wake_up.

Handle a ptrace_stop being called with a pending fatal signal.
Previously it would have been handled by schedule simply failing to
sleep.  As TASK_WAKEKILL is no longer part of TASK_TRACED schedule
will sleep with a fatal_signal_pending.   The code in signal_wake_up
guarantees that the code will be awaked by any fatal signal that
codes after TASK_TRACED is set.

Previously the __state value of __TASK_TRACED was changed to
TASK_RUNNING when woken up or back to TASK_TRACED when the code was
left in ptrace_stop.  Now when woken up ptrace_stop now clears
JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN and when left sleeping ptrace_unfreezed_traced
clears JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN.

Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220505182645.497868-10-ebiederm@xmission.com
---
 include/linux/sched.h        |    2 +-
 include/linux/sched/jobctl.h |    2 ++
 include/linux/sched/signal.h |    5 +++--
 kernel/ptrace.c              |   21 ++++++++-------------
 kernel/sched/core.c          |    5 +----
 kernel/signal.c              |   14 ++++++--------
 6 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ struct task_group;
 /* Convenience macros for the sake of set_current_state: */
 #define TASK_KILLABLE			(TASK_WAKEKILL | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE)
 #define TASK_STOPPED			(TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_STOPPED)
-#define TASK_TRACED			(TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_TRACED)
+#define TASK_TRACED			__TASK_TRACED
 
 #define TASK_IDLE			(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_NOLOAD)
 
--- a/include/linux/sched/jobctl.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/jobctl.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ struct task_struct;
 #define JOBCTL_TRAPPING_BIT	21	/* switching to TRACED */
 #define JOBCTL_LISTENING_BIT	22	/* ptracer is listening for events */
 #define JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE_BIT	23	/* trap for cgroup freezer */
+#define JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN_BIT	24	/* frozen for ptrace */
 
 #define JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED	(1UL << JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED_BIT)
 #define JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING	(1UL << JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING_BIT)
@@ -28,6 +29,7 @@ struct task_struct;
 #define JOBCTL_TRAPPING		(1UL << JOBCTL_TRAPPING_BIT)
 #define JOBCTL_LISTENING	(1UL << JOBCTL_LISTENING_BIT)
 #define JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE	(1UL << JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE_BIT)
+#define JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN	(1UL << JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN_BIT)
 
 #define JOBCTL_TRAP_MASK	(JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP | JOBCTL_TRAP_NOTIFY)
 #define JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK	(JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING | JOBCTL_TRAP_MASK)
--- a/include/linux/sched/signal.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
@@ -435,9 +435,10 @@ extern void calculate_sigpending(void);
 
 extern void signal_wake_up_state(struct task_struct *t, unsigned int state);
 
-static inline void signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool resume)
+static inline void signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool fatal)
 {
-	signal_wake_up_state(t, resume ? TASK_WAKEKILL : 0);
+	fatal = fatal && !(t->jobctl & JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN);
+	signal_wake_up_state(t, fatal ? TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_TRACED : 0);
 }
 static inline void ptrace_signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool resume)
 {
--- a/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -197,7 +197,7 @@ static bool ptrace_freeze_traced(struct
 	spin_lock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock);
 	if (task_is_traced(task) && !looks_like_a_spurious_pid(task) &&
 	    !__fatal_signal_pending(task)) {
-		WRITE_ONCE(task->__state, __TASK_TRACED);
+		task->jobctl |= JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN;
 		ret = true;
 	}
 	spin_unlock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock);
@@ -207,23 +207,19 @@ static bool ptrace_freeze_traced(struct
 
 static void ptrace_unfreeze_traced(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	if (READ_ONCE(task->__state) != __TASK_TRACED)
-		return;
-
-	WARN_ON(!task->ptrace || task->parent != current);
+	unsigned long flags;
 
 	/*
-	 * PTRACE_LISTEN can allow ptrace_trap_notify to wake us up remotely.
-	 * Recheck state under the lock to close this race.
+	 * The child may be awake and may have cleared
+	 * JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN (see ptrace_resume).  The child will
+	 * not set JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN or enter __TASK_TRACED anew.
 	 */
-	spin_lock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock);
-	if (READ_ONCE(task->__state) == __TASK_TRACED) {
+	if (lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) {
+		task->jobctl &= ~JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN;
 		if (__fatal_signal_pending(task))
 			wake_up_state(task, __TASK_TRACED);
-		else
-			WRITE_ONCE(task->__state, TASK_TRACED);
+		unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
 	}
-	spin_unlock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -256,7 +252,6 @@ static int ptrace_check_attach(struct ta
 	 */
 	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
 	if (child->ptrace && child->parent == current) {
-		WARN_ON(READ_ONCE(child->__state) == __TASK_TRACED);
 		/*
 		 * child->sighand can't be NULL, release_task()
 		 * does ptrace_unlink() before __exit_signal().
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -6313,10 +6313,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(u
 
 	/*
 	 * We must load prev->state once (task_struct::state is volatile), such
-	 * that:
-	 *
-	 *  - we form a control dependency vs deactivate_task() below.
-	 *  - ptrace_{,un}freeze_traced() can change ->state underneath us.
+	 * that we form a control dependency vs deactivate_task() below.
 	 */
 	prev_state = READ_ONCE(prev->__state);
 	if (!(sched_mode & SM_MASK_PREEMPT) && prev_state) {
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -2209,14 +2209,12 @@ static int ptrace_stop(int exit_code, in
 	}
 
 	/*
-	 * schedule() will not sleep if there is a pending signal that
-	 * can awaken the task.
-	 *
-	 * After this point ptrace_signal_wake_up will clear TASK_TRACED
-	 * if ptrace_unlink happens.  Handle previous ptrace_unlinks
-	 * here to prevent ptrace_stop sleeping in schedule.
+	 * After this point ptrace_signal_wake_up or signal_wake_up
+	 * will clear TASK_TRACED if ptrace_unlink happens or a fatal
+	 * signal comes in.  Handle previous ptrace_unlinks and fatal
+	 * signals here to prevent ptrace_stop sleeping in schedule.
 	 */
-	if (!current->ptrace)
+	if (!current->ptrace || __fatal_signal_pending(current))
 		return exit_code;
 
 	set_special_state(TASK_TRACED);
@@ -2305,7 +2303,7 @@ static int ptrace_stop(int exit_code, in
 	current->exit_code = 0;
 
 	/* LISTENING can be set only during STOP traps, clear it */
-	current->jobctl &= ~JOBCTL_LISTENING;
+	current->jobctl &= ~(JOBCTL_LISTENING | JOBCTL_PTRACE_FROZEN);
 
 	/*
 	 * Queued signals ignored us while we were stopped for tracing.