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2023-11-12 12:00

Open Source License Obligations Checklists even better now

Import the checklists to other tools, create context diffs and merged lists

2023-03-01 12:00

Embedded Linux distributions

Results of the online "wish list"

2022-01-13 12:00

Phase #3 of OSADL project on OPC UA PubSub over TSN successfully completed

Another important milestone on the way to interoperable Open Source real-time Ethernet has been reached

2021-02-09 12:00

Open Source OPC UA PubSub over TSN project phase #3 launched

Letter of Intent with call for participation is now available

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Effect of sleep state setting on latency and power consumption

Wakeup latency of all systems - Real-time optimization - Peer-to-peer UDP duplex link - OPC UA PubSub over TSN - Powerlink - EthercatNetwork load - kvm - Sleep states

For testing purposes, particular sleep states were disabled on one of the 12-way systems (6 cores with hyperthreading). Core #2 was not allowed to enter any sleep state, and core #3 was not allowed to enter a sleep state deeper than 1. Core #1 was left unmodified, i.e. any sleep state can be entered according to the system load. In addition, the scaling governor of CPU #2 was set to performance from 5.05 a.m. to 5.05 p.m. and left at ondemand (same as the other cores) in the remaining time period. For details, please refer to the related profile section.

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Sleep states of the processor cores
Clock frequencies of the processor cores
Electrical power consumption of the entire system
5-min worst-case timer plus wakeup latency of core #1 to core #3
Please note that the recorded latency values represent maxima of 5-min intervals. Thus, the data in the columns labeled "Min:" and "Avg:" should not be considered; the only relevant result is the maximum of consecutive 5-min maxima at the rightmost column labeled "Max:".

The data clearly demonstrate that the sleep state setting has no effect on the latency and on the power consumption while the 200-µs cyclic activity of the cyclictest program is creating continuous system load. Under idle conditions, however, only the core that is not allowed to enter a sleep state deeper than 1 continues to deliver the same real-time capabilities. The other cores suffer from up to 10 times higher latencies. On the other hand, allowing cores to enter a deep sleep state has a clear beneficial effect on the power consumption. Note that the power consumption reflects the entire system and not only the processor.